fulltext.study @t Gmail

Fluorescent dye-labeled TIPNO type regulator for nitroxide mediated reversible-deactivation radical polymerization

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26043 43931 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Fluorescent dye-labeled TIPNO type regulator for nitroxide mediated reversible-deactivation radical polymerization
Abstract

•Fluorescence marked alkoxyamines were synthesized and used as mediators in styrene NMP.•Different flourescent derivatives are built into the initiating and propagating chain ends of polymer.•Fluorescent dye-labeled TIPNO type regulators can be used for evaluation of the extent of livingness of this process by direct measurements of UV absorption as well as by emission spectroscopy.•The extent of livingness or the number of polystyrene propagating chain ends with pyrene as well as the portion of benzothioxanthene marked initiating chain ends of polymer depends on the concentration of regulator.•Despite decreasing of livingness, the prepared polymers are characterized by a narrow distribution of molar masses for all conversion scales.

The TIPNO-type mediator containing fluorescent probe was used to initiate nitroxide mediated reversible-deactivation radical polymerization of styrene. Benzothioxanthene and pyrene were the fluorescent markers. One probe, benzothioxanthene, was attached to the initiating fragment of the polymer chain and the second probe, pyrene, was part of the propagating end of the polymer chain. Mainly UV absorption as well as partly fluorescence spectroscopy was applied to quantify the marked initiating chain ends and marked active alkoxyamine-terminated chain ends. Calculated theoretical molar masses are based on the assumption that all the initiating and propagating chain ends of the polymers bear fluorescent probes. Comparison of these data with the molar masses from GPC gave us the fraction of the marked active polymer chain ends and the fraction of polymers that were formed by thermal initiation. This represents a unique method for evaluation of the extent of livingness of polymerization process. At lower mediator concentration, the extent of marked initiating chain ends and the extent of marked propagating chain ends decreased with rising conversion and at 40% conversion only 50% of the polymer initiating and propagating chain ends contained labels. For the higher mediator concentration, marked initiating fragments of polymer chains were 95% and marked propagating chain ends were 93% at 40% conversion. The prepared polymers are characterized by a narrow distribution of molar masses for all conversion scales.

Graphical abstractFluorescent dye-labelled TIPNO type regulator for NMP.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Nitroxide mediated reversible-deactivation radical polymerization; Fluorescence labeled TIPNO mediator; Extent of livingness
First Page Preview
Fluorescent dye-labeled TIPNO type regulator for nitroxide mediated reversible-deactivation radical polymerization
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volumes 307–308, 1 July–1 August 2015, Pages 123–130
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us