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Kinetics of the photocatalysed oxidation of NO in the ISO 22197 reactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26261 43943 2016 6 PDF Available
Title
Kinetics of the photocatalysed oxidation of NO in the ISO 22197 reactor
Abstract

•The kinetics of NOx removal using ISO 22197 and P25 films are studied.•Samples must be preconditioned in NO (1 ppmv) to obtain steady state NO levels.•Kinetics of NO to NO2 conversion studied by varying [NO] and UV irradiance.•Removal rates at >7% NO conversion likely to include sizable mass transport effects.

The photocatalytic reactor described in the NOx removal ISO 22197-1:2007 is used to study the kinetics of the process, using a film of P25 TiO2 which has either been conventionally pre-irradiated in a stream of air, or unconventionally in a stream of NO (1 ppmv). In the former case it is shown that the system does not achieve steady state exit levels of NO, probably due to the gradual accumulation of HNO3 on the surface of the photocatalyst. The NO-preconditioned TiO2 film demonstrated excellent steady-state levels when monitored as a function of NO concentration, [NO] and UV irradiance, ρ. However, in this case the photocatalytic reaction under study is NOT NOx removal, but the conversion of NO to NO2. It is shown that the kinetics of this steady state process fit very well to a kinetic expression based on a disrupted adsorption reaction mechanism, which has also been used by others to fit their observed (non-steady state) kinetics for NOx removal on conventionally-(air) preconditioned films of P25. The appropriateness of this model for either system is questioned, since in both systems the kinetics appear to have a significant mass transport element. These findings suggest that mass transport and non-steady-state kinetics are likely to be significant features for most active photocatalytic samples, where the %NO conversion is >7%, and so limits the usefulness of the NOx removal ISO 22197-1:2007.

Keywords
Nitric oxide; NOx; ISO-22197; Photocatalysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 321, 1 May 2016, Pages 137–142
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us