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Efficient degradation of lindane in aqueous solution by iron (II) and/or UV activated peroxymonosulfate

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26287 43944 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Efficient degradation of lindane in aqueous solution by iron (II) and/or UV activated peroxymonosulfate
Abstract

•Removal of lindane was studied by Fe2+/HSO5− based advanced oxidation processes.•Fluorescence light/Fe2+/HSO5− yielded limited degradation and mineralization.•UV/Fe2+/HSO5− was successful in degradation, dechlorination and mineralization.•Performance of UV/Fe2+/HSO5− was better at high [HSO5−]0 and [Fe2+]0 and at low pH.•Increasing [Fe2+]0 beyond optimum dose had a negative effect on UV/Fe2+/HSO5−.

Degradation of lindane, a highly persistent and potentially carcinogenic pesticide, by iron (II) activated peroxymonosulfate (Fe2+/HSO5−) was investigated. The efficiency of this process was found to increase with UV light irradiation, probably due to an improved regeneration of Fe2+ for a fast generation of highly reactive OH and SO4−. A greater mineralization and dechlorination efficiency was also observed by UV/Fe2+/HSO5−, with a 92.2% total organic carbon removal and 96.4% chloride ion release after 180 min UV illumination. Removal of lindane by such a photochemical process was further promoted with increasing the initial concentration of either Fe2+ (10–1000 μM) or HSO5− (50–1000 μM). The initial degradation rate of lindane increased while the observed pseudo first-order rate constant (kobs) decreased with increasing the initial concentration of lindane. Higher pH (>4) resulted in a lower efficiency of UV/Fe2+/HSO5−, attributable to the complexation or precipitation of Fe2+/Fe3+. A Fe2+ level of 50 and 500 μM showed a comparable effect on lindane mineralization, probably due to the scavenging of SO4− and OH or the faster decomposition of the oxidant by excess Fe2+. Additionally, potential activation of Fe2+/HSO5− by fluorescence light was evaluated. Despite an enhanced degradation of lindane, no significant mineralization of lindane was observed. The results indicate that UV/Fe2+/HSO5− is effective and has a strong application potential for the degradation of lindane and other chlorinated pesticides.

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Keywords
Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs); Iron (II); UV irradiation; Lindane; Mineralization; Peroxymonosulfate
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Efficient degradation of lindane in aqueous solution by iron (II) and/or UV activated peroxymonosulfate
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 316, 1 February 2016, Pages 37–43
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us