Excitation and emission properties of Zn(II) Schiff base complex by combined crystallographic, spectroscopic and DFT studies
•Synthesis and crystal structure of a new Zn(II) Schiff base complex.•The complex exhibits different fluorescence properties in solid and solution states.•The molecular geometry, excitation and fluorescence properties have been calculated by TD-DFT.
The structure and photophysical properties of the Zn(II) complex with the novel fluorescent Schiff base ligand L: (E)-N′-((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl) ethylene)acetohydrazide have been investigated. X-ray crystallography has proved the neutral, mononuclear complex: [ZnL2]·H2O·DMF, ZnL. The crystal packing proves intramolecular-interactions between the alternating naphthalene rings. Photophysical measurements of the complex in solvents of varying polarity (DCM, THF and DMSO) provide evidence for the formation of molecular aggregates in non-polar solvents that enhance the energy of the S0–S1 level. In the solid states, the complex exhibits unusual blue-shifted emission with respect to the ligand, due to excited state intermolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) within the ZnL molecules in the lattice. The experimental measurements are also complimented by DFT and TD-DFT calculations in the gas-phase and solution states.
Graphical abstractThe coordination chemistry of Zn(II) with a tridentate Schiff base ligand have been investigated. The complex would form variable fluorescence properties at different extents in the solution (DCM, THF and DMSO) and solid states. The experimental measurements are complimented by DFT and TD-DFT calculations.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 314, 1 January 2016, Pages 96–103