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Application of Fe3O4@C catalyzing heterogeneous UV-Fenton system for tetracycline removal with a focus on optimization by a response surface method

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26379 43949 2016 11 PDF Available
Title
Application of Fe3O4@C catalyzing heterogeneous UV-Fenton system for tetracycline removal with a focus on optimization by a response surface method
Abstract

•Magnetic composite of Fe3O4@C was successfully utilized in UV-Fenton system.•Kinetic models of reaction, reusability and stability of catalyst was investigated.•TC and TOC removal were reached 87 and 37% after 5 cycles of reaction, respectively.•Fe3O4@C showed a good long-term stability in UV-Fenton system•High activity, easily separation and operational stability were main features of Fe3O4@C

Herein, we synthesized a heterogeneous catalyst incorporating magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4, with an average size of 80 nm) supported on powder activated carbon (Fe3O4@C) as a highly active, easily separable and recyclable catalyst for the degradation of tetracycline (TC) antibiotic in aqueous solution in UV-Fenton conditions. The influences of reaction time, TC, catalyst and H2O2 concentration at pH 3 ± 0.2 on TC degradation efficiency were all evaluated in detail using a response surface method (RSM). The degradation kinetics and mineralization as well as durability and reactivity of the catalyst were also investigated. Recycling tests were performed in order to evaluate the stability of the catalyst during successive UV-Fenton reactions and the possibility of its use in a batch system. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that the quadratic model fitted best to the experimental data with the correlation coefficients of 0.9669, 0.9933 and 0.984 for R2, adjusted-R2, predicted-R2, respectively. Results from the studies relating to the characteristics and performance of Fe3O4@C showed that high adsorption capacity led to a sharp enhancement in the catalytic activity. Under the optimized conditions, the removal efficiency of TC was determined to be 79% within 44 min reaction. The degradation process followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model with a good correlation coefficient. The removal efficiency of total organic carbon (TOC) reached 43.7% within 120 min. It was observed that Fe3O4@C retained its stability and activity even after several cycles, which could significantly reduce the operation cost in practical applications.

Keywords
Photo-Fenton; Magnetite nanoparticles; Heterogeneous catalyst; Fe3O4@C; Tetracycline; Degradation
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Application of Fe3O4@C catalyzing heterogeneous UV-Fenton system for tetracycline removal with a focus on optimization by a response surface method
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 314, 1 January 2016, Pages 178–188
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us