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Novel α-Fe2O3/polypyrrole nanocomposite with enhanced photocatalytic performance

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26388 43950 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Novel α-Fe2O3/polypyrrole nanocomposite with enhanced photocatalytic performance
Abstract

•One-step chemical synthesis of novel α-Fe2O3/polypyrrole (PPy) nanocomposites.•Efficient photocatalysts for degradation of methylene blue dye at ambient temperature.•Mesoporous structure and crystalline nature of the α-Fe2O3/PPy nanocatalysts.•A synergetic effect for light absorption in photocatalysts led to enhanced catalytic performance.•The current α-Fe2O3/PPy photocatalyst exhibits good stability and recyclability.

We developed a simple and mild one-step chemical method to produce novel and highly efficient α-Fe2O3/polypyrrole (PPy) photocatalysts. The formation of α-Fe2O3/PPy nanocomposites proceeds via a simultaneous gelation and polymerization process. The XRD results revealed that all the diffraction peaks can be perfectly indexed to the rhombohedral structure of α-Fe2O3 and the polymerization of Py did not change the crystalline phase of α-Fe2O3. TEM images show that Fe2O3 nanoparticles are quite uniform in shape and size and their particle sizes are decreased from 20 to 5 nm by increasing Py content from 5 to 25%. The lattice fringes (3.7 Å) are distinctly visible and revealed structurally uniform crystals of α-Fe2O3 without dislocation. Compared to pure Fe2O3, the newly developed nanocatalyst demonstrated a remarkable activity toward the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) under UV irradiation, at ambient temperature. Complete degradation of MB was achieved after only 20 min in the presence of the optimum photocatalyst containing 10% Py. The effective photocatalytic performance is associated with the mesoporous structure and crystalline nature of the prepared nanocomposites. Additionally, such enhanced photocatalytic behavior was rationalized in terms of a synergetic effect for light absorption between α-Fe2O3 and PPy that eventually led to better charge separation and suppression of charge recombination. The photocatalyst could be removed from the reaction mixture and its recyclability remains effective after five cyclic runs. Proposed mechanism for the degradation of MB with the α-Fe2O3/PPy nanocatalyst under UV irradiation is also presented and thoroughly discussed.

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Keywords
Photocatalyst; Fe2O3; Polypyrrole; Nanocomposite; Methylene blue
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 299, 15 February 2015, Pages 18–24
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us