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Gas phase photocatalytic efficiency of TiO2 powders evaluated by acetone photodegradation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26447 43953 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
Gas phase photocatalytic efficiency of TiO2 powders evaluated by acetone photodegradation
Abstract

•TiO2 powders are obtained by sol–gel method, annealing at different temperatures.•Powders photocatalytic efficiency is tested by photodegradation of gaseous acetone.•Efficiency is evaluated by formed CO2 (by gas-chromatography or IR gas sensor).•At different conditions, the same CO2/annealing temperature profile is obtained.•Efficiency depends on crystalline form, crystallinity and physisorbed water.

The photocatalytic efficiency of different TiO2 powders, prepared by a sol–gel method and annealed at different temperatures, has been evaluated through the TiO2 photosensitized degradation (until mineralization) of acetone, as model reaction, in a static gas phase reactor. Two profiles “TiO2 efficiency vs. powders annealing temperature” have been obtained analyzing the produced CO2 by gas-chromatography or by an IR gas sensor. Despite the different operative conditions, that are: (i) acetone initial concentration (2400 or 600 ppm), (ii) relative humidity (40 or 70%) and (iii) reaction time (a test after 7 h or a continuous monitoring until 1 h), the two profiles are similar and show the same TiO2 efficiency maximum (at 700 °C calcination temperature of the powder). The efficiency increase until 700 °C could depend on the crystallinity increase of anatase form and on the decreasing amount of physisorbed water at the surface of the semiconductor. The efficiency decrease observed at higher temperatures could be ascribed to the gradual transformation of anatase into rutile form, less reactive. Differently, parameters as specific surface and mesopore volume of TiO2 powders seem to be less important for the powder efficiency.

Keywords
Titanium dioxide; Oxidation; Photocatalysis; Acetone
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Gas phase photocatalytic efficiency of TiO2 powders evaluated by acetone photodegradation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 268, 15 September 2013, Pages 1–6
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us