Residual monomers and degree of conversion of partially bioresorbable fiber-reinforced composite
The aim of this study was to evaluate the total quantity of residual monomer (bis-phenyl glycidyl dimethacrylate, i.e. Bis-GMA, and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate, i.e. TEGDMA), residual monomer release into water and the degree of monomer conversion (DC%) of glass fiber-reinforced composites (FRC) with a partially bioresorbable polymer matrix. Another aim was to find out whether the curing mode affects the quantity of residual monomer and degree of conversion. Glass fibers were preimpregnated with a bioresorbable poly(hydroxyproline) amide and non-resorbable Bis-GMA–TEGDMA resin system. Specimens were immersed in water for 1, 3 or 7 days (37 °C) to determine the quantity of leached residual monomers, or in the solvent tetrahydrofuran for 3 days to determine the total quantity of residual monomers by high performance liquid chromatography. DC% was measured by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The quantity of residual monomer of the specimens decreased when the specimens contained glass fibers, and/or poly(hydroxyproline) amide, and/or when it was post-cured. The majority of the residual monomers were leached out during the first 24 h of immersion in water. The DC% of the specimens increased when post-cured. Also glass fibers in the composite increased the DC% in contrast to Bis-GMA–TEGDMA resin only. In conclusion, use of poly(hydroxyproline) amide as a sizing of the glass fibers in FRC does not increase the quantity of residual monomers. These results suggest that this new kind of partially bioresorbable FRC has potential for biomedical applications.
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2006, Pages 29–37