A porphyrin molecule that generates, traps, stores, and releases singlet oxygen
•Preparation of a composite molecule that has four 2-pyridone moieties bonded directly to a porphyrin photosensitizer dye.•These materials have the capacity to generate, store, and release singlet oxygen.•Oxidation of the mustard gas simulant, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES), by singlet oxygen released in the dark from the sensitizer-storage molecule is demonstrated.
Tetraphenylporphyrin (H2TPP), covalently linked to four 2-pyridone moieties was synthesized (II) and studied. This composite molecule, in combination with light and ground state oxygen, has the ability to generate, trap, store, and release singlet oxygen. The process can be operated reversibly without detectable decomposition or side reactions using light with wavelength greater than 500 nm. Oxidation of the target molecule, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES), by singlet oxygen released from the endoperoxide of the porphyrin-2-pyridone molecule (I) is demonstrated. Spectroscopic and kinetic data do not reveal evidence of perturbation between the porphyrin and pyridone ring systems of II. The decomposition kinetics for the endoperoxide adduct I are first order with activation parameters ΔH‡ = 26.7 (kcal/mol) and ΔG‡ = 24.0 (kcal/mol). Experimental and computational studies of unattached N-benzyl-2-pyridone peroxide are reported and compared to the experimental data for I.
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Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 260, 15 May 2013, Pages 9–13