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Photochemically produced quasi-linear copolymers for stable and efficient electrolytes in dye-sensitized solar cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26568 43963 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Photochemically produced quasi-linear copolymers for stable and efficient electrolytes in dye-sensitized solar cells
Abstract

•Quasi-linear random copolymers were prepared by photopolymerization.•A smart radical-induced ring-opening reaction is proposed.•Multivariate chemometric approach was selected to study the whole system.•Device efficiencies up to 4% were obtained with a rapid, green and low-cost process.•Fabricated DSSCs showed high performance stability during 500 h ageing test.

Dye-sensitized solar cells are increasingly establishing themselves as third generation photovoltaic technology which can be manufactured with easily available materials and low-cost processes. In this context, the replacement of the liquid electrolyte with quasi-linear polymer electrolyte membranes is here proposed, with the aim of increasing the durability of the device. The membranes are photochemically produced starting from two methacrylic monomers, by means of a process that does not involve the use of solvents and catalysts. In order to ensure handling and durability, the membranes are partially crosslinked with a tunable opening of the epoxy ring of one of the two monomers, thus binding together different polymer chains and allowing an effective entrapment of the redox mediator within the network. The experimental conditions are investigated and optimized by means of a multivariate chemometric approach, and the characterization of materials and devices is presented. Quasi-solid cells able to maintain efficiency up to 4% after 500 h of accelerated ageing are successfully fabricated.

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Keywords
Dye-sensitized solar cell; Polymer electrolyte membrane; Photopolymerization; Quasi-linear; Design of experiments
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Photochemically produced quasi-linear copolymers for stable and efficient electrolytes in dye-sensitized solar cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 289, 1 September 2014, Pages 73–80
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us