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Effects of cyclodextrin complexes acting as barriers on TiO2 nanoparticles in DSSCs

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26607 43966 2014 5 PDF Available
Title
Effects of cyclodextrin complexes acting as barriers on TiO2 nanoparticles in DSSCs
Abstract

•We examined the size effects of additives to dye sensitized solar cells.•We chose a model structure with large head and reactive groups for the additives.•The binding interaction between cyclodextrins and aromatic substrates was used.•An increase of up to 49% in total power conversion efficiency was achieved.

Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have been the leading low-cost and clean energy conversion devices; however, their conversion efficiency still falls short of the standard set by inorganic solar cells. One method to improve the efficiency of the cell is to reduce the recombination of the injected electrons with the oxidized species of the redox couples present in the electrolytes near the surface of the bare TiO2 particles. A model structure with a large head and a reactive group for the attachment of groups to the surface of TiO2 has been studied to probe the size effect of additives on the performance of DSSCs. We successfully moderated the electron recombination by adding a complex composed of β-cyclodextrin and 4-methyl-1-cyclohexane carboxylic acid (MCA) to prevent the approach oxidized species toward the bare surface of the TiO2 nanoparticles. An increase of up to 49% in the total power conversion efficiency was achieved using the β-CD–MCA complex as an additive, while only a 24% increment was obtained when small molecule additives, such as MCA, were utilized. Electrochemical impedance spectra indicated that the increase in the short-circuit current density and efficiency were observed because the surface recombination was suppressed by blocking access to the bare TiO2 surface.

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Keywords
Nanostructure; Structural materials; Recombination; Barrier; Complex
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Effects of cyclodextrin complexes acting as barriers on TiO2 nanoparticles in DSSCs
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 283, 1 June 2014, Pages 17–21
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us