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The influence of chromium on photocatalysis of propan-2-ol and octadecanoic acid oxidation by rutile TiO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26661 43969 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
The influence of chromium on photocatalysis of propan-2-ol and octadecanoic acid oxidation by rutile TiO2
Abstract

This paper compares the effect of chromium on photo-oxidation of propan-2-ol, for which hydroxyl radicals are the catalytically active intermediates, and stearic acid oxidation which proceeds mainly via direct hole transfer. The Cr/TiO2 samples were prepared by co-precipitation from aqueous TiCl4 solutions. The photo-oxidation of liquid propan-2-ol oxidation to acetone was followed by gas chromatography. The oxidation of octadecanoic acid (hereafter designated stearic acid) to carbon dioxide on irradiation of a pressed disc of stearic acid/TiO2 was followed by using FTIR spectrometry of the product CO2. This is a novel adaptation of a method previously used to following photo-oxidation of polymer films, and preliminary measurements were necessary in order to identify conditions under which the oxidation rates were insensitive to small variations in acid loadings and disc thicknesses. Photocatalytic oxidation of propan-2-ol was little affected for Cr ≤ 0.01% but decreased significantly for Cr ≥ 0.1%. By contrast, photocatalytic oxidation of stearic acid decreased monotonically with increasing concentration of chromium. It is suggested that the initial increase in propan-2-ol oxidation activity is associated with surface Cr with an oxidation state greater than 3 but that at higher chromium concentrations the activity for both stearic acid and propan-2-ol is decreased because of increased recombination in induced by Cr3+ ions that substitute for Ti4+ in the rutile lattice.

► The effects of chromium on TiO2 photo-catalysed oxidation of propan-2-ol and of octadecanoic (stearic) acid were compared. ► Propan-2-ol oxidation to acetone was followed by GC. Stearic acid oxidation to CO2 was followed by FTIR spectrometry. ► For Cr ≥ 0.1% propanol oxidation decreased. A small initial increase may be due to surface Cr in oxidation states >3. ► Photocatalytic oxidation of stearic acid decreased steadily with increasing chromium concentration. ► At Cr ≥ 0.1% the activity for both stearic acid and propan-2-ol is decreased because of increased recombination.

Keywords
Titanium dioxide; Photocatalysis; Chromium doping; Rutile; Hydroxyl radicals hole transfer
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The influence of chromium on photocatalysis of propan-2-ol and octadecanoic acid oxidation by rutile TiO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 252, 15 January 2013, Pages 211–215
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us