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Effect of hydroxyl group on the photophysical properties of benzo[a]xanthenes – Solvatochromic studies and estimation of dipole moment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26694 43971 2014 12 PDF Available
Title
Effect of hydroxyl group on the photophysical properties of benzo[a]xanthenes – Solvatochromic studies and estimation of dipole moment
Abstract

•The photophysical properties of a benzo[a]xanthenes were studied in different solvents.•Excited state dipole moment was found to be higher than ground state dipole moment.•Their large Stokes shifts were due to the strong intramolecular charge transfer effect during excitation.•TD-DFT studies with IEF-PCM have been done to calculate excitation energies.

Absorption and emission spectra of three substituted benzo[a]xanthenes were studied at 298 K in solvents of different polarity for the first time. The fluorescence of 2-hydroxy-9,9-dimethyl-12-(pyridin-2-yl)-9,10-dihydro-8H-benzo[a]xanthen-11(12H)-one was weak compared to 3-hydroxy-9,9-dimethyl-12-(pyridin-2-yl)-9,10-dihydro-8H-benzo[a]xanthen-11(12H)-one. It was observed that an increase in the solvent polarity led to an increase in the Stokes shift. The solvent effect on the spectral properties of benzo[a]xanthenes has been investigated by using the Lippert–Mataga and Reichardt–Dimroth methods. Bakhshiev's and Kawski–Chamma–Viallet's correlations were used to determine the excited state dipole moment, ground state dipole moment and their ratio. The nature and extent of solute–solvent interactions were described by multi-linear correlation using the three-parameter Kamlet–Taft and the new four-parameter Catalán polarity scales. Multiple regression analysis indicates that both non-specific solute–solvent interactions and specific solute–solvent interactions play an important role in the position of the Stokes shift. The polarizable continuum model using IEF-PCM was considered to calculate excitation energies in methanol. The HOMO and LUMO energies have been performed by TD-DFT (B3LYP/6-311G (d, p)) approach.

Graphical abstractAbsorption and emission spectra of some substituted benzo[a]xanthenes were studied in solvents of different polarity for the first time.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Benzo[a]xanthene; Solvent effect; Kamlet–Taft parameter; Catalán polarity scale; TD-DFT
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Effect of hydroxyl group on the photophysical properties of benzo[a]xanthenes – Solvatochromic studies and estimation of dipole moment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 276, 15 February 2014, Pages 71–82
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us