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Photocatalytic properties of Zr-doped titania in the degradation of the pharmaceutical ibuprofen

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26782 43976 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic properties of Zr-doped titania in the degradation of the pharmaceutical ibuprofen
Abstract

•New Zr-doped TiO2 has been prepared by a combined sol–gel and chemical vapor deposition process involving a low crystalline titania precursor.•The material shows improved mesoporosity with narrow ca. 8–9 nm sized nanopores.•The photocatalytic performance of Zr-TiO2 has been investigated in detail down to low ibuprofen concentration.•The enhanced adsorption of ibuprofen onto Zr-doped TiO2 compared to titania is of importance for high photocatalytic activity.•Rapid decomposition of ibuprofen is accompanied by formation of intermediates and polymeric species as confirmed by ESI-TOF-MS measurements.

Zr-doped titania of anatase structure type has been prepared by a combined sol–gel and chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process. The material has been characterized by XRD, TEM and chemical analysis. The photocatalytic performance has been investigated in the oxidative decomposition of the pharmaceutical ibuprofen (IBP) down to low ppm concentrations. The change of the composition of the reaction solution after photocatalytic treatment was followed by UV–Vis spectroscopy and GC/MS. Formation of reaction intermediates was studied by HPLC coupled electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry ESI-TOF-MS. The catalytic performance has been studied by varying the catalyst and substrate concentration as well as changing the catalyst-to-substrate ratio. The influence of pH, adsorption and re-use of the catalyst has been tested. The results confirm the high catalytic activity of Zr-doped titania compared to pure titania at low catalyst loading. The material shows the improved textural mesoporosity. However, more reaction intermediates were formed, leading to faster deactivation of the photocatalyst. ESI-TOF-MS measurements point to the formation of a couple of reaction intermediates, which poison the catalyst.

Graphical abstractNew Zr-doped titania photocatalyst of improved activity has been prepared. The catalytic performance has been studied over wide range of concentration and catalyst-to-IBP ratios. Improved adsorption of ibuprofen compared to titania contributes the enhanced onset activity, which is accompanied by increasing formation of intermediates.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Photocatalytic abatement; Ibuprofen; Zr-doped titania; Reaction intermediates; Polymerization
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 274, 30 January 2014, Pages 108–116
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us