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Photoreaction of ethanol on Au/TiO2 anatase: Comparing the micro to nanoparticle size activities of the support for hydrogen production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26846 43981 2010 6 PDF Available
Title
Photoreaction of ethanol on Au/TiO2 anatase: Comparing the micro to nanoparticle size activities of the support for hydrogen production
Abstract

The work presents the dark and photocatalytic reactions of ethanol over Au particles deposited on TiO2 anatase nano (≤10 nm) and micro (ca. 0.15 μm) particle catalysts. The Au particles are of uniform and similar dimension (mean particle size = ca. 5 and 7 nm on the micro– and nano-sized TiO2, respectively). XPS Au4f indicated that in both cases Au particles are present in their metallic state with no evidence of charge transfer to (or from) the semiconductor. Under dark conditions, ethanol adsorption leads to stable ethoxide species (from in situ Infrared analysis) up to ca. 550 K at which point conversion to acetaldehyde by dehydrogenation and ethylene by dehydration occurs (from temperature programmed desorption (TPD) analysis). Liquid slurry photoreaction indicated the production of hydrogen with a rate ≈2 L/kgCatal min on 2 wt.% Au/TiO2 anatase nanoparticles under UV photo irradiation of comparable intensity to solar radiation. While the reaction rate per unit mass was lower on the micro-sized Au/TiO2, it simply scaled up to an equivalent rate for the nano-sized Au/TiO2 catalyst when normalised by unit area, indicating the absence of a particle size effect of the semiconductor on the electron transfer reaction within the range 10–150 nm).

Keywords
TiO2 anatase; Gold particle size; XPS Au4f; Ethanol IR; Ethanol TPD; Hydrogen production; Ethanol dehydrogenation; Ethanol dehydration; Photoreaction; Anatase nanoparticles; Anatase microparticles; Electron transfer
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Photoreaction of ethanol on Au/TiO2 anatase: Comparing the micro to nanoparticle size activities of the support for hydrogen production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 216, Issues 2–3, 15 December 2010, Pages 250–255
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us