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Chromium oxide loaded silica aerogels: Novel visible light photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26884 43984 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Chromium oxide loaded silica aerogels: Novel visible light photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation
Abstract

Various photocatalytic systems have been reported for degradation of harmful air pollutants. Most of the reported catalysts are based on well-known semiconducting material, titanium dioxide (TiO2), while some are based on other materials such as silicon dioxide (SiO2), various zeolites. However, titania based systems are very popular in this regard and the most of the photocatalytic processes that involve titania are considered non-localized.Thus, to study the photocatalytic ability of a localized system, novel aerogel based samples were studied using silica and chromium and tested for photocatalytic activities. The new photocatalytic systems were prepared to obtain aerogel silica as the matrix material by co-hydrolyzing silica precursor with chromium(III) ions to obtain chromium loaded silica materials. Later, these prepared samples were compared to chromium loaded titania and mixed TiO2–SiO2 systems. All the prepared systems have high surface areas compared to the systems that have been reported in literature. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, diffusive reflectance UV spectroscopy, and BET surface analysis methods. The kinetics of photocatalytic degradation of a model pollutant, acetaldehyde, was performed using a Shimadzu GCMS-QP 5000 instrument and a glass reactor with a quartz window.Change in photocatalytic activity was found with various molar ratios of SiO2 to TiO2. From all the systems, chromium loaded pure SiO2 showed the highest activity towards acetaldehyde degradation compared to mixed TiO2–SiO2 systems and TiO2 based systems. The interesting photocatalytic activity of silica based materials occurs due to the efficient insertion of chromium ions into silica matrix to generate reactive sites. The photo excitation is believed to occur at molecular orbital level at localized chromium sites.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Chromium oxide loaded silica aerogel photocatalytic materials was prepared and studied. ► Photocatalytic ability of silica based materials were compared to TiO2, and mixed systems. ► Silica based photocatalysts show high activity under UV and visible light. ► TEM studies revealed that chromium is loaded onto the surface of silica matrix. ► The photocatalysis of Cr loaded silica believed to occur through a localized mechanism.

Keywords
Photocatalysis; Aero gel; Semiconductors; Silicon dioxide; Kinetics; Transition metal incorporation; UV and visible light
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Chromium oxide loaded silica aerogels: Novel visible light photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 254, 15 February 2013, Pages 62–70
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us