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Visible light active C-doped titanate nanotubes prepared via alkaline hydrothermal treatment of C-doped nanoparticulate TiO2: Photo-electrochemical and photocatalytic properties

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26891 43985 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
Visible light active C-doped titanate nanotubes prepared via alkaline hydrothermal treatment of C-doped nanoparticulate TiO2: Photo-electrochemical and photocatalytic properties
Abstract

•C-doped titanate nanotubes (TNT) are formed through hydrothermal treatment of C-doped TiO2 nanoparticles.•The technique is not applicable to the formation of W-doped nanotubes.•C-Doped nanotubes absorb into the visible region of the spectrum.•TNT materials are more active visible light photocatalysts than their nanoparticulate precursors, and doped materials are more active than non-doped analogues.•Improved TNT photoactivity is not reflected in improved photocurrent measurements, reflecting the fact that the nanotubes are disordered.

Carbon-doped titanate nanotubes (C-TNT) were formed via alkaline hydrothermal treatment of a TiO2 nanoparticulate material pre-doped with carbon. Attempts to form C and W co-doped titanate nanotubes using analogous C and W co-doped nanoparticulate materials were unsuccessful. Physical characterisations, such as X-ray diffraction, N2 physisorption and transmission electron microscopy, confirmed the formation of titanate nanotubes ∼7 nm in diameter and hundreds of nm in length with increased surface areas relative to the nanoparticulate precursors. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the retention of substitutional carbon dopant and the exclusion of tungsten dopant from the doped TNT materials.Converting doped (or undoped TiO2) into C-TNT (or TNT) slightly increases the material's bandgap but the C-TNT material (in contrast to TNT and undoped TiO2) absorbs into the visible region of the spectrum. C-doped and un-doped titanate nanotube materials were more active in promoting the photo degradation of 4-chlorophenol under visible light than their analogous nanoparticulate precursors. C-TNT was the most photocatalytically active material tested.However, photocurrent response measurements showed C-TNT to be less effective at generating current following irradiation than both its nanoparticulate analogue and nanoparticulate P25 when screen printed onto electrode surfaces. We ascribe this to non-optimal alignment of the TNTs on the electrode surface.

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Keywords
Doped titanate nanotubes; Hydrothermal synthesis; Photocatalysis; Photo-electrochemistry
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Visible light active C-doped titanate nanotubes prepared via alkaline hydrothermal treatment of C-doped nanoparticulate TiO2: Photo-electrochemical and photocatalytic properties
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 267, 1 September 2013, Pages 17–24
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us