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Lactim–lactam tautomerism is favoured over enol–keto tautomerism in 2-hydroxy-5-(4-fluorophenyl)nicotinic acid: Experimental and quantum chemical approach

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
26909 43986 2010 12 PDF Available
Title
Lactim–lactam tautomerism is favoured over enol–keto tautomerism in 2-hydroxy-5-(4-fluorophenyl)nicotinic acid: Experimental and quantum chemical approach
Abstract

A model compound, 2-hydroxy-5-(4-fluorophenyl)nicotinic acid (HFPNA) has been synthesized and its ground and excited-state properties towards tautomerisation via possible two ways of proton transfer process have been elaborately examined by means of steady-state absorption, emission and time-resolved emission spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations. The theme issue of the present contribution is to illustrate a direct competition between two potential excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) pathways within the same molecule. By a direct comparison of spectral characteristics of HFPNA with those of salicylic acid (SA) and 2-hydroxypyridine (2HP) under similar experimental conditions it has been demonstrated that lactim–lactam tautomerisation dominates over enol–keto tautomerisation in HFPNA. Experimental evidences and structural calculation at Density Functional Theory (DFT) (B3LYP/6-31G**) and Hartree–Fock (6-31G**) levels predict the existence of both lactim and lactam-forms in the ground state. The ground and excited-state theoretical potential energy surfaces (PES) of HFPNA along both the ways of proton transfer coordinate at DFT level reveal that PES of HFPNA resemble well with that of 2HP while there are prominent differences from that of SA. We also report on the possibility of application of the studied molecule as a sensor of medium-pH following its sensitive response towards pH of the medium.

Keywords
Competition between lactim–lactam and enol–keto tautomerism; 2-Hydroxy-5-(4-fluorophenyl)nicotinic acid; Absortion and emission spectroscopy; DFT
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Lactim–lactam tautomerism is favoured over enol–keto tautomerism in 2-hydroxy-5-(4-fluorophenyl)nicotinic acid: Experimental and quantum chemical approach
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 214, Issues 2–3, 15 August 2010, Pages 203–214
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us