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3-Carboxybenzophenone (3-CB) as an efficient sensitizer in the photooxidation of methionyl-leucine in aqueous solutions: Spectral, kinetic and acid–base properties of 3-CB derived transients

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27014 43994 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
3-Carboxybenzophenone (3-CB) as an efficient sensitizer in the photooxidation of methionyl-leucine in aqueous solutions: Spectral, kinetic and acid–base properties of 3-CB derived transients
Abstract

•3-Carboxybenzophenone was found to be an efficient sensitizer as illustrated in the photooxidation of a methionine derivative.•Radicals derived from 3-CB were spectrally characterized by laser flash photolysis and pulse radiolysis techniques.•The acid–base equilibrium constant of the 3-CB ketyl radical was characterized by its pKa = 9.5.

3-Carboxybenzophenone (3-CB) was successfully employed in the photooxidation of a selected methionine derivative: methionyl-leucine (Met-Leu). It is also demonstrated that this photosensitizer has an advantage over its isomer, 4-carboxybenzophenone (4-CB), which is a commonly used water-soluble organic photosensitizer. The relative advantage of 3-CB over 4-CB lies in fact that the 3-CB derived transients have less absorption than the corresponding photoinduced transients from 4-CB. In particular ketyl radicals (3-CBH) and ketyl radical anions (3-CB−) are substantially less absorbing in the visible and near UV regions (i.e. 370–420 nm) than are the respective transients derived from 4-CB. This feature is very important since it allows a better sampling of the absorption spectra of three-electron-bonded radicals S∴N and S∴O resulting from the sensitized photooxidation of methionine derivatives by triplet 3-CB acting as an electron acceptor. This advantage of 3-CB over 4-CB was demonstrated during spectral resolutions of transient absorption spectra formed during the 3-CB-sensitized photooxidation of Met-Leu. Since the kinetic and spectral characteristics of free radicals and radical ions derived from 3-CB were not determined previously, pulse radiolysis was employed to determine molar absorption coefficients and selected rate constants for the 3-CB radical anion (3-CB−) and its ketyl radical (3-CBH). Rate constants were measured for the protonation of 3-CB− by water (kH2O=5.1×102 M−1 s−1kH2O=5.1×102 M−1 s−1) and by H+ (kH+=6.4×1010 M−1 s−1kH+=6.4×1010 M−1 s−1). In addition, the acid–base equilibrium constant Ka of 3-CBH was characterized by a pKa = 9.5 (±0.1). This Ka value is more than one order of magnitude smaller than the literature value of Ka for 4-CBH (pKa = 8.2). This observation was interpreted in terms of the difference in electron densities on the carbonyl oxygen atoms in these ketyl radicals, confirmed by DFT (PBE1PBE) calculations and based on a thermodynamic cycle of the protonation process. Using the newly determined pKa value, rate constants for the OH−-assisted deprotonation (k(3-CBH+HO−)=8.9×108 M−1 s−1k(3-CBH+HO−)=8.9×108 M−1 s−1) and the spontaneous dissociation (k(3-CBH dissociation)=20 s−1k(3-CBH dissociation)=20 s−1) of 3-CBH were calculated. Moreover, molar absorption coefficients (ɛ) for all of the intermediates derived from 3-CB were measured by pulse radiolysis and laser flash photolysis methods. They were found to be: ɛ550(3-CBH) = 2700 (±200) M−1 cm−1, ɛ600(3-CB−) = 5200 (±300) M−1 cm−1, and ɛ520(33-CB*) = 5400 (±300) M−1 cm−1.

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Keywords
3-Carboxybenzophenone; Dipeptide; Radical anions; Ketyl radicals; Acid–base equilibria; DFT calculations
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3-Carboxybenzophenone (3-CB) as an efficient sensitizer in the photooxidation of methionyl-leucine in aqueous solutions: Spectral, kinetic and acid–base properties of 3-CB derived transients
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 287, 1 August 2014, Pages 1–7
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us