Chemical determination of singlet oxygen from photosensitizers illuminated with LED: New calculation methodology considering the influence of photobleaching
The singlet oxygen (1O2) is one of the reactive species responsible for the destruction of target cells in Photodynamic Therapy (PDT). However, the quantification of 1O2 yields (ΦΔ) involves lifetime measurements with very expensive equipment. An alternative methodology is the use of a chemical trap, in the present case uric acid (UA), which promptly reacts with 1O2 providing the evaluation of ΦΔ. On the other hand, in the quantification of the photons absorbed by the PS employing LED as irradiation sources in this kind of experiments, it is important to evaluate the overlap of the light source in the PS spectrum. Additionally, while some PS are photostable, others may undergo photobleaching leading the amount of absorbed photons to vary with the illumination time due to PS degradation. The proposed methodology corrects this problem. The proposed dosimetry method employing UA and the absorbed photon calculations taking into account chlorophyll and xanthene dyes photobleaching resulted in ΦΔ values that agree with the literature.
► Uric acid test as an inexpensive evaluation of singlet oxygen quantum yield of dyes. ► Calculation of number of photons absorbed by PS irradiated with polychromatic light. ► Correction of photobleaching process is important to determine correct values of ΦΔ.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 232, 15 March 2012, Pages 14–21