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2-Nitrobenzaldehyde as a chemical actinometer for solution and ice photochemistry

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27159 44005 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
2-Nitrobenzaldehyde as a chemical actinometer for solution and ice photochemistry
Abstract

2-Nitrobenzaldehyde (2NB) is a convenient, photochemically sensitive, and thermally robust actinometer. Although 2NB has been used in a number of solution and ice experiments in the laboratory, the quantum efficiencies and molar absorptivities of 2NB have not been critically evaluated, especially on ice. Using a series of laboratory and field measurements we have measured the light absorbance and photochemical properties of 2-nitrobenzaldehyde in solution (water and/or acetonitrile) and in/on water ice. Our results show that the molar absorptivities of 2NB are only weakly dependent upon temperature and that the quantum yield is independent of temperature in water; the quantum yield is also independent of wavelength, as shown by past reports. Furthermore, we find that the photochemistry of 2NB in/on water ice is the same as in liquid water. While most studies employing 2NB cite and use a quantum yield of 0.50, based on a review of the literature, and on our new experimental data, we recommend a quantum yield of 0.41 for 2NB photolysis for both solution and water ice.

Keywords
o-Nitrobenzaldehyde; Actinometry; Greenland; Snow photochemistry
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 209, Issues 2–3, 25 January 2010, Pages 186–192
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us