Preparation and characterization of visible-light-driven plasmonic photocatalyst Ag/AgCl/TiO2 nanocomposite thin films
The Ag/AgCl/TiO2 nanocomposite thin films are prepared on the pre-coated SiO2 soda-lime glass substrates by a sol–gel method for depositing TiO2 films, and then loaded with Ag/AgCl nanoparticles (NPs) by an impregnating precipitation photoreduction method. The as-prepared composite thin film exhibits a highly visible-light photocatalytic activity for degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) in water. The photocatalytic mechanism is proposed on the basis of the fact that the Ag NPs are photoexcited due to plasmon resonance, and then charge separation is accomplished by the transfer of photoexcited electrons from the Ag NPs to the TiO2 conduction band and the simultaneous formation of OH radical and Cl0, which cause the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants. The proposed mechanism is further confirmed by the detection of hydroxyl radicals. On the other hand, 4-CP can also be oxidized directly by plasmon-induced h+ (or Ag+) on Ag NPs, thereby accelerating the photooxidized Ag NPs back to their initial state. Therefore, the Ag NPs can be rapidly regenerated and the Ag/AgCl/TiO2 system remains self-stability.
Graphical abstractAg/AgCl/TiO2 composite thin film plasmonic photocatalyst, prepared by sol–gel and photochemical reduction methods, exhibits highly visible-light photocatalytic activity and self-stability.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The plasmonic photocatalyst Ag/AgCl/TiO2 composite thin films are prepared by sol–gel and photochemical reduction methods. ► The composite thin film exhibits a highly visible-light photocatalytic activity for degradation of 4-chlorophenol in water. ► The OH radical, Cl0 and h+ in Ag NPs simultaneously cause the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants. ► The Ag NPs can be rapidly regenerated to keep the Ag/AgCl/TiO2 system self-stabilized.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 223, Issues 2–3, 25 September 2011, Pages 82–87