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Photoisomerization of fluorinated 1,3-dimethyl-5-propenyl uracils

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27272 44013 2012 4 PDF Available
Title
Photoisomerization of fluorinated 1,3-dimethyl-5-propenyl uracils
Abstract

We investigated the photo-induced cis/trans isomerization of double bonds in fluorinated derivatives of 1,3-dimethyl-5-propenyl uracils. When 1,3-dimethyl-5-(E-1,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropenyl)uracil was irradiated by light λ > 300 nm, we obtained the photostationary state involving equilibration with 1,3-dimethyl-5-(Z-1,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropenyl)uracil where the more sterically congested isomer Z was the major product (E:Z = 1:1.5). Irradiation of Z isomer as the starting material also led to the identical photostationary state. In the case of 1,3-dimethyl-5-(1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropenyl)uracil the more sterically congested isomer E was even more abundant (Z:E = 1:7.5). The results of DFT calculations suggest that photo-induced cis/trans isomerization of these compounds can run through the formation of allylmethylene biradical species, which are the transition states produced during photoexcitation. Preference of the formation of more sterically hindered isomers in photostationary state one can rationalize on the basis of the difference in oscillator strength and the role of equilibration between conformers s-cis/s-trans.

Graphical abstractThe photo-induced cis/trans isomerization of double bonds in fluorinated derivatives of 1,3-dimethyl-5-propenyl uracils was investigated. The more sterically congested isomers were the major products in the observed photostationary states. The results of DFT calculations suggest that photo-induced cis/trans isomerization of this compounds can run through the formation of radical species, which are the transition states produced during photoexcitation. Preference of the formation of more sterically hindered isomers in photostationary state one can rationalize on the basis of the difference in oscillator strength and the role of equilibration between conformers s-cis/s-trans.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Photo-induced cis/trans isomerization of fluorinated 1,3-dimethyl-5-propenyl uracils. ► DFT calculations suggest the formation of radical species as the transition states. ► The more sterically congested isomers were the major products in the photostationary states. ► Stereoselectivity is a result from the difference in oscillator strength and the role of s-cis/s-trans equilibration.

Keywords
Radical reaction; Reaction mechanisms; Stereoselectivity; Photochemistry; Isomerization
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Photoisomerization of fluorinated 1,3-dimethyl-5-propenyl uracils
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 231, Issue 1, 1 March 2012, Pages 60–63
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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