Photocatalytic electron flow through the interface of titania nanosheets and mesoporous silica hybrid films
UV-light induced redox reactions between cationic porphyrins (H2TMPyP) and methyl viologen (MV2+) separately incorporated in titania nanosheets (TNS) and cubic-mesoporous silica (MPS) integrated films, respectively, were investigated. In this system, the following two modified hybrids, i.e., the normally stacked (MV2+–TNS)/(H2TMPyP–MPS) on a FTO electrode and the inversely stacked (H2TMPyP–MPS)/(TNS) films on a FTO electrode were examined. In accordance with the expected electron flow from H2TMPyP to MV2+, cathodic photocurrents were observed for the normally stacked film in acetonitrile (CH3CN) under a negative bias voltage of −0.4 V. However, under the influence of a positive bias voltage of +0.3 V, anodic photocurrents were observed even in CH3CN. On the other hand, anodic photocurrents were also observed in water for the normally stacked films at both bias voltages of +0.3 and −0.4 V due to photoreduction followed by proton abstraction of the H2TMPyP molecules from H2O within the MPS nano-cavities. In addition, ca. 0.98 mC of the photocurrents were determined in water for the inversely stacked (H2TMPyP–MPS)/(TNS) films without MV2+, of which ca. 50% resulted in the oxidative consumption of H2TMPyP in the MPS cavities.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 207, Issue 1, 5 September 2009, Pages 135–143