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Performance and selectivity of the terephthalic acid probe for OH as a function of temperature, pH and composition of atmospherically relevant aqueous media

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27364 44018 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Performance and selectivity of the terephthalic acid probe for OH as a function of temperature, pH and composition of atmospherically relevant aqueous media
Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the performance and selectivity of terephthalic acid (TA) as a trapping molecule for the laboratory quantification of photogenerated OH in synthetic water (where the organic and inorganic concentration is perfectly controlled), adopted as a proxy of natural atmospheric water (i.e. cloud droplets). TA reacts with OH to yield 2-hydroxyterephthalic acid (TAOH). First, we focused our investigation on the reactivity of TA as a function of pH and temperature of laboratory-made solutions, by using nitrate and hydrogen peroxide as photochemical OH sources. For the pH dependence of the TAOH formation yield (YTAOH), by fitting data using linear regression we obtained the relationship YTAOH = (0.0248 ± 0.0059)pH + (0.046 ± 0.035) at T = 288 K, in the pH range 3.9–7.5. For the temperature dependence we got YTAOH = (0.0059 ± 0.0011)T − (1.50 ± 0.31), between 278 and 303 K at pH 5.4. Furthermore, the performance and selectivity of TA were assessed in the presence of different photochemical OH sources (nitrate and H2O2) and scavengers (alcohols and carboxylic acids) at variable concentrations. These species are naturally present in the atmospheric aqueous phase. From these experiments we obtained the second-order reaction rate constant between TA and OH, kTA,OH = (4.0 ± 0.1) × 109 M−1 s−1 in aerated solution, at pH 6.0 and 293 ± 2 K.

► We investigated the photogeneration of hydroxyl radical in synthetic waters adopted as a proxy of natural waters (i.e. clouds droplets). ► We assessed the use of terephthalic acid as hydroxyl radical chemical probe as a function of physicochemical parameters of aqueous solution. ► Measurement of the hydroxyl radical formation quantum yields from nitrate were performed by using terephthalic acid.

Keywords
Hydroxyl radical; Chemical probe; Fluorescence; Atmospheric oxidant; Aqueous phase
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Performance and selectivity of the terephthalic acid probe for OH as a function of temperature, pH and composition of atmospherically relevant aqueous media
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 222, Issue 1, 5 July 2011, Pages 70–76
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us