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Determination of the quantum yields of the potassium ferrioxalate and potassium iodide–iodate actinometers and a method for the calibration of radiometer detectors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27377 44018 2011 4 PDF Available
Title
Determination of the quantum yields of the potassium ferrioxalate and potassium iodide–iodate actinometers and a method for the calibration of radiometer detectors
Abstract

The quantum yields for two actinometers have been determined using a tunable laser light source at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, MD. The power of this light source has been calibrated against an absolute cryogenic radiometer, considered accurate with an uncertainty better than 0.1% at a coverage factor k = 2. The quantum yield at 253.7 nm for the ferrioxalate actinometer was found to be 1.38 ± 0.03, which compares favorably with the value 1.40 ± 0.03 determined by Goldstein and Rabani. The quantum yield at 253.7 nm for the KI/KIO3 actinometer was found to be 0.69 ± 0.02 at 23.5 °C. Again this compares favorably with 0.72 ± 0.03 determined by Goldstein and Rabani and 0.73 ± 0.02 determined by Rahn et al. Based on the determinations to date, including the present investigation, the recommended values for the quantum yields at 253.7 nm are 1.39 ± 0.02 (temperature independent) for the ferrioxalate actinometer and [(0.71 ± 0.02) + (0.0099 ± 0.0004)(t − 24)] for the KI/KIO3 actinometer, where t is the temperature (°C) of the actinometer solution. Finally, a protocol is recommended for the use of the KI/KIO3 actinometer to calibrate radiometer detectors at 253.7 nm.

► The quantum yields for the ferrioxalate and KI/KIO3 actinometers have been determined at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, MD using a tunable laser light source. ► The quantum yield at 253.7 nm for the ferrioxalate actinometer was found to be 1.38 ± 0.03. ► The quantum yield at 253.7 nm for the KI/KIO3 actinometer was found to be 0.69 ± 0.02 at 23.5 °C. ► The recommended values for the quantum yields at 253.7 nm are 1.39 ± 0.02 (temperature independent) for the ferrioxalate actinometer and [(0.71 ± 0.02) + (0.0099 ± 0.0004)(t − 24)] for the KI/KIO3 actinometer, where t is the temperature (°C) of the actinometer solution. ► A protocol is recommended for the use of the KI/KIO3 actinometer to calibrate radiometer detectors at 253.7 nm.

Keywords
Quantum yield; Actinometer; Ferrioxalate actinometer; KI/KIO3 actinometer; Irradiance; Radiometer
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Determination of the quantum yields of the potassium ferrioxalate and potassium iodide–iodate actinometers and a method for the calibration of radiometer detectors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 222, Issue 1, 5 July 2011, Pages 166–169
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Price was $35.95
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