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Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution over mesoporous TiO2/metal nanocomposites

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27474 44026 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution over mesoporous TiO2/metal nanocomposites
Abstract

Na+ complex with the dibenzo-18-crown-6 ester was used as a template to synthesize mesoporous titanium dioxide with the specific surface area 130–140 m2/g, pore diameter 5–9 nm and anatase content 70–90%. The mesoporous TiO2 samples prepared were found to have photocatalytic activity in CuII, NiII and AgI reduction by aliphatic alcohols. The resulting metal–semiconductor nanostructures have remarkable photocatalytic activity in hydrogen evolution from water–alcohol mixtures, their efficiency being 50–60% greater than that of the metal-containing nano-composites based on TiO2 Degussa P25.The effects of the thermal treatment of mesoporous TiO2 upon its photocatalytic activity in hydrogen production were studied. The anatase content and pore size were found to be the basic parameters determining the photoreaction rate. The growth of the quantum yield of hydrogen evolution from TiO2/Ag0 to TiO2/Ni0 to TiO2/Cu0 was interpreted in terms of differences in the electronic interaction between metal nanoparticles and the semiconductor surface. It was found that there is an optimal metal concentration range where the quantum yield of hydrogen production is maximal. A decrease in the photoreaction rate at further increment in the metal content was supposed to be connected with the enlargement of metal nanoparticles and deterioration of the intimate electron interaction between the components of the metal–semiconductor nanocomposites.

Keywords
Mesoporous TiO2; Template synthesis; Photocatalysis; Hydrogen evolution; Metals photodeposition; Metal–semiconductor nanocomposites
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Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution over mesoporous TiO2/metal nanocomposites
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 198, Issues 2–3, 15 August 2008, Pages 126–134
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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