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Laser-based depletion zone photoreaction: Selective synthesis of [2+2]-crossdimers of coumarin and 5-fluorouracil

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27509 44027 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
Laser-based depletion zone photoreaction: Selective synthesis of [2+2]-crossdimers of coumarin and 5-fluorouracil
Abstract

•Depletion zone photoreaction is a novel process type to run a photoreaction and an enabling tool for crossdimerizations (dimerization between two different components).•Suppression of homodimerization, which is mechanistically always preferred.•Significant improvement in crossdimerization-to-homodimerization ratio by a factor of at least 4 in the example shown.•Yield (crossdimer/substrate) is >90% for photochemically delicate reactions.•Depletion zone photoreaction works in commonly concentrated solutions suitable for lab work.

Generally the homodimerization in an intermolecular, photochemical [2+2]-cycloaddition is the dominant reaction over the crossdimerization. Using the example of Coumarin with a 10-fold excess of 5-fluorouracil, just a 2:1 crossdimer-to-homodimer (CD/HD) ratio is obtained in a conventional Rayonet reactor. Here we present an efficient and versatile procedure for the sensitizer-free synthesis of intermolecular [2+2]-cycloaddition crossdimers in solution. Applying a monochromatic pulsed laser system as the light source first enables a highly wavelength selective excitation of only one substrate. Second, the high energy pulses establish a depletion zone inside the reaction vessel, where the concentration of the absorbing substrate in its ground state is very low. This causes the homodimerization to be completely suppressed, while favoring the crossdimerization reaction by increasing the probability to meet a non-absorbing cross-component. In our example the CD/HD-ratio shifts from less than 2 to more than 8. The depletion zone photoreaction is altogether useful for the synthesis of crossdimers.

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Keywords
Coumarin; [2+2]-cycloaddition; Dimer; 5-Fluorouracil; Laser; Photochemistry
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Laser-based depletion zone photoreaction: Selective synthesis of [2+2]-crossdimers of coumarin and 5-fluorouracil
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 264, 15 July 2013, Pages 67–72
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us