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Flux synthesis of AgNbO3: Effect of particle surfaces and sizes on photocatalytic activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27519 44028 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Flux synthesis of AgNbO3: Effect of particle surfaces and sizes on photocatalytic activity
Abstract

The molten-salt flux synthesis of AgNbO3 particles was performed in a Na2SO4 flux using 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 flux-to-reactant molar ratios and heating to 900 °C for reaction times of 1–10 h. Rectangular-shaped particles are obtained in high purity and with homogeneous microstructures that range in size from ∼100 to 5000 nm and with total surface areas from 0.16 to 0.65 m2 g−1. The smallest particle-size distributions and highest surface areas were obtained for the largest amounts of flux (3:1 ratio) and the shortest reaction time (1 h). Measured optical bandgap sizes of the AgNbO3 products were in the range of ∼2.8 eV. The photocatalytic activities of the AgNbO3 particles for H2 formation were measured in visible light (λ > 420 nm) in an aqueous methanol solution and varied from ∼1.7 to 5.9 μmol H2 g−1 h−1. The surface microstructures of the particles were evaluated using field-emission SEM, and the highest photocatalytic rates of the AgNbO3 particles were correlated with the formation of high densities of ∼20–50 nm terraced surfaces. By comparison, the solid-state sample showed no well-defined morphology or microstructure. Thus, the results presented herein demonstrate the utility of flux-synthetic methods in targeting new particles sizes and surface microstructures for the enhancement and understanding of photocatalytic reactivity over metal-oxide particles.

Keywords
Flux synthesis; AgNbO3; Photocatalysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 214, Issue 1, 5 July 2010, Pages 54–60
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us