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Elaboration of stable anatase TiO2 through activated carbon addition with high photocatalytic activity under visible light

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27531 44029 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Elaboration of stable anatase TiO2 through activated carbon addition with high photocatalytic activity under visible light
Abstract

Photoactive TiO2 was directly obtained by sol–gel method or from titanium dioxide/activated carbon composite (TiO2/AC), then calcinated under air at 700 °C. The obtained materials were characterized by N2 adsorption (77 K), X-ray diffraction (XRD), diffuse reflectance UV-vis spectroscopy (UV/DRS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The solid prepared from (TiO2/AC) composite was found to be mainly pure anatase phase with SiO2 and Fe2O3 traces, whereas, pure TiO2 was predominantly rutile. Adding activated carbon increases the surface area of photocatalyst, reduces the grain size of titania particles and causes a blue shift of the light absorption spectrum due to the quantization of band structure. Photocatalytic activity was tested and compared with that of TiO2 Degussa P25 on the degradation of methylene blue (MB) in an aqueous solution under visible irradiation. TiO2(AC-700) catalyst was found to be two times more active than TiO2-P25.

► TiO2(AC-700) exhibit a high activity to degrade the MB dye under visible irradiation. ► TiO2(AC-700) composite was found to be mainly pure anatase phase at high temperature with SiO2 and Fe2O3 traces. ► Activated carbon matrix counterworked the growth of TiO2 particles, prevented the agglomeration TiO2 particles, retarded the transformation from anatase to rutile phase and may produced a doping or/and junction effects by some structural AC mineral oxides, such oxide at least SiO2.

Keywords
TiO2; Activated carbon; Sol–gel; Degradation; Visible irradiation
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Elaboration of stable anatase TiO2 through activated carbon addition with high photocatalytic activity under visible light
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 221, Issue 1, 10 June 2011, Pages 13–21
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us