Development and characterization of a titanosilicate ETS-10-coated optical fiber reactor towards the photodegradation of methylene blue
An optical fiber reactor (OFR) system containing uniformly distributed quartz fibers coated with titanosilicate ETS-10 crystals was investigated. Optimum ETS-10 film thickness (∼1.5 μm) and coating length (15 cm) were determined from the light propagation analysis in a single ETS-10-coated fiber. The nearly constant value of the attenuation coefficient (α ≈ 0.10 cm−1) for films with different thickness indicated uniform fiber surface coverage with these films. The extinction coefficient, ɛ, decreased from ∼1.6 to ∼1.0 μm−1 with ETS-10 film thickness increasing from ∼0.5 to ∼1.5 μm, which suggested less contact per unit film thickness between light and ETS-10 crystals inside thicker films, likely due to their lower crystal packing density. Photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) conducted in the OFR showed higher photocatalytic activity for thicker ETS-10 films. Although higher MB photodegradation rates were obtained at higher light intensity, the apparent quantum efficiency, Φ, decreased with increasing light intensity. This is consistent with the charge separation mechanism for MB photodegradation in the UV light range investigated. All ETS-10 samples investigated showed ∼4–5 times higher Φ values in the OFR than in the slurry reactor, likely due to the unique light/photocatalyst/reactant contact and high fiber packing density in the OFR.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 217, Issue 1, 1 January 2011, Pages 22–28