fulltext.study @t Gmail

Synthesis of [60]fullerene derivatives bearing five-membered heterocyclic wings and an investigation of their photophysical kinetic properties

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27571 44030 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of [60]fullerene derivatives bearing five-membered heterocyclic wings and an investigation of their photophysical kinetic properties
Abstract

The preparation, characterization and photophysical properties of six new stable [6,6]-closed fullerene cycloadducts bearing five-membered heterocycles are described. The modified [60]fullerenes are obtained by a simple and rapid synthesis via a Bingel-type reaction with tetrazole and oxadiazole malonate derivatives. The photophysical kinetics of these new fullerene derivatives in toluene solution under ultraviolet illumination (375 nm, UVA) are studied by electron paramagnetic resonance and free-radical spin-trapping using α-phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone as a spin-trap. The results are compared with pure [60]fullerene and [6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (C60-PCBM). It is concluded that for all six new compounds as well as pure [60]fullerene and PCBM both superoxide and singlet oxygen are produced in the first stages of UVA illumination following the type I and II mechanisms, respectively. In all cases singlet oxygen is produced as the primary dominant species; however, the type I mechanism always occurs in parallel with type II. In the end, the superoxide is self-dismuted into hydroxyl radicals, thus yielding PBN-OH spin adducts (g = 2.007 and ahf (14N) = 1.54 mT). The kinetic reaction constants and their efficiencies in the production of reactive oxygen species at 375 nm and per mW of absorbed power are determined. The experimental results are consistent with an autocatalytic reaction model in which the system evolutes under UVA illumination, with superoxide catalyzing the conversion of singlet oxygen into more superoxide.

Keywords
Fullerene C60 derivatives; Electron paramagnetic resonance; Reactive oxygen species; Photosensitizers
First Page Preview
Synthesis of [60]fullerene derivatives bearing five-membered heterocyclic wings and an investigation of their photophysical kinetic properties
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 217, Issue 1, 1 January 2011, Pages 184–190
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us