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Production of pectinases by solid-state fermentation of a mixture of citrus waste and sugarcane bagasse in a pilot-scale packed-bed bioreactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2762 130 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Production of pectinases by solid-state fermentation of a mixture of citrus waste and sugarcane bagasse in a pilot-scale packed-bed bioreactor
Abstract

•Process done with 15 kg dry substrate, corresponding to 65 kg of moist substrate.•Sugarcane bagasse (48.4% by mass) ensured high porosity and stable bed structure.•Bed compaction and shrinkage problems and subsequent overheating completely avoided.•Pectinase activities of 33–41 U g−1 obtained uniformly throughout the bed.•Proof-of-concept: Pectin can be hydrolyzed with direct addition of fermented solids.

Pectinases can be used in citrus waste biorefineries to hydrolyze the pectin in citrus pulp to produce d-galacturonic acid, a potential platform chemical. Solid-state fermentation has the potential to produce low-cost pectinases for such biorefineries, but it is difficult to control the process at large scales. In the current work, Aspergillus oryzae was cultivated in a pilot-scale packed-bed bioreactor, on 15 kg of a substrate containing 51.6% citrus pulp and 48.4% sugarcane bagasse (w/w, dry basis). The sugarcane bagasse gave a high bed porosity and ensured a stable bed structure, avoiding problems of bed shrinkage and the formation of compact agglomerates within the bed. As a result, bed temperatures were controlled to within 1 °C of the inlet air temperature and pectinase yields of 33–41 U g−1 were obtained across the bed. When the fermented solids were dried and added directly to a pectin solution, they gave a profile for the release of d-galacturonic acid similar to that obtained with a commercial pectinase. These results show the potential for using solid-state fermentation to produce pectinases in a citrus waste biorefinery, with subsequent direct addition of the fermented solids to produce d-galacturonic acid from the pectin contained in the citrus pulp.

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Keywords
Pectinases; Aspergillus oryzae; Solid-state fermentation; Packed bed bioreactors; Scale-up; Enzyme production
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Production of pectinases by solid-state fermentation of a mixture of citrus waste and sugarcane bagasse in a pilot-scale packed-bed bioreactor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 111, 15 July 2016, Pages 54–62
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us