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Photo-oxidations initiated by UV radiation of urocanic acid and its methyl ester in solution, micelles, and lipid bilayers: TYPE I (free radical) or TYPE II (singlet oxygen) mechanisms depend on the medium

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27812 44044 2009 12 PDF Available
Title
Photo-oxidations initiated by UV radiation of urocanic acid and its methyl ester in solution, micelles, and lipid bilayers: TYPE I (free radical) or TYPE II (singlet oxygen) mechanisms depend on the medium
Abstract

Photo-oxidative reactions on methyl linoleate (ML) initiated by UV radiation of urocanic acid (UCA) or methyl urocanate (UCAME) in a non-polar solvent, aqueous sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles or ML in lipid bilayers of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) or of dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC) are investigated to determine medium effects on reaction mechanisms. Experiments include: kinetics of oxygen uptake, effects of radical trapping antioxidants or singlet oxygen quenchers and product analysis of cis,trans to trans,trans (c,t//t,t) isomer ratios of oxidized linoleate to distinguish free radical, TYPE I and singlet oxygen TYPE II reactions. Irradiation of the system toluene/ML/UCAME reaction occurred by TYPE I according to kinetics studies and inhibiting effects of 2,6-di-t-butyl-4-methoxyphenol (DBHA) and the four typical c,t//t,t isomer ratios formed. Similarly irradiation of the system SDS/ML/UCAME (or UCA) resulted in the TYPE I reaction. The latter system was used to evaluate the antioxidant activities, kinh, showing the relative activities as: Trolox ≥ 2,2,5,7,8-pentamethylhydroxychroman (PMHC) > DBHA. The low kinh values of these antioxidants compared to those in a non-polar solvent are interpreted by quantitative methods of “solvent effects”. Photo-oxidation of the systems DMPC/ML/UCA or DLPC/UCA occurred by singlet oxygen (TYPE II) in contrast to those in solution or micelles according to effects of a singlet oxygen quencher, sodium azide, and lack of inhibition by antioxidants. This contrast is explained by the structure of lipid bilayers where the excited 3n,π* of UCA produces singlet oxygen in the aqueous phase which diffuses into the bilayer phase to cause TYPE II reactions.

Keywords
Free radical peroxidation; Singlet oxygen; Micelles; Lipid bilayers; Mechanism
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Photo-oxidations initiated by UV radiation of urocanic acid and its methyl ester in solution, micelles, and lipid bilayers: TYPE I (free radical) or TYPE II (singlet oxygen) mechanisms depend on the medium
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 208, Issues 2–3, 15 December 2009, Pages 79–90
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us