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Effect of operating and design parameters on the performance of a microbial fuel cell with Lactobacillus pentosus

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2786 135 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of operating and design parameters on the performance of a microbial fuel cell with Lactobacillus pentosus
Abstract

•The performance of a MFC was studied using a wastewater from a dairy industry.•A maximum power density, 8.09 ± 1.52 mW m−2 was achieved with the lower flow rate.•L. pentosus is capable of developing active biofilms at the anode electrode.•The biofilms of L. pentosus were characterized.•L. pentosus can treat dairy wastewaters and produce energy without mediators.

A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a novel biotechnological system able to simultaneously produce renewable energy and perform wastewater treatment. The aim of this work was to study the effect of configurational parameters, such as membrane area, anode electrode size and cell design and operating conditions, such as flow rate and shear stress on the MFC performance toward its optimization. A synthetic wastewater based on a dairy industry effluent and pure culture of Lactobacillus pentosus was used. For each condition tested, the MFC performance was evaluated in terms of power density, chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate and the characteristics of the L. pentosus biofilm attached to the anode electrode (biomass amount, cell viability and total and extracellular proteins and polysaccharides). The maximum power density, 8.09 ± 1.52 mW m−2, was achieved with the lower flow rate tested (0.05 L h−1). For all the conditions tested the COD removal rates were between 56% and 61%. The different configurational and operating conditions tested influenced the energy production and the biofilm characteristics. However, the wastewater treatment efficiency was not considerably affected. L. pentosus proved to be capable of treating a dairy wastewater and produce electricity without the presence of a mediator. Further investigation needs to be done to improve the MFC overall performance.

Keywords
Operating conditions; Design parameters; Microbial fuel cell; Power output; Biofilm characterization; COD removal
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 104, 15 December 2015, Pages 34–40
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us