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Comparing aerobic granular sludge and flocculent sequencing batch reactor technologies for textile wastewater treatment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2789 135 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Comparing aerobic granular sludge and flocculent sequencing batch reactor technologies for textile wastewater treatment
Abstract

•Textile wastewater was treated with sludge flocs and aerobic granules (AGS) in SBR.•Higher anaerobic and overall COD removal yields were observed in the AGS SBR.•High azo dye decolorization was attained with both flocs and aerobic granules.•Decolorization products showed higher cyto- and genotoxic potential than original dye.•AGS had better performance in decolorization product detoxification potential

Textile wastewaters are rated among the most polluting in all industrial sectors, including high organic loads and dyes that are generally resistant to aerobic biotreatment. Alternative, staged anaerobic/aerobic regimes have been tested, with clear success in the biodecolorization of the widely used azo dyes. The novel aerobic granular sludge (AGS) technology has excellent potential in this context, due to the anoxic/anaerobic zones within granules and their increased tolerance to toxicity. In this study the performance of anaerobic/aerobic, flocculent and AGS sequencing batch reactors (SBR) was compared in the treatment of a simulated textile wastewater. Similar color removal yields (75–80%) of an azo dye were attained in both systems but with higher anaerobic and overall COD removal yields in the AGS SBR, thus demonstrating the latter's good potential. Comparison of the toxicity of samples collected from both SBR using yeast-based assays highlighted the better performance of the AGS SBR as compared with the flocculent SBR, with respect to detoxification potential.

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Keywords
Wastewater treatment; Bioreactors; Sequencing batch reactor; Aggregation; Biodegradation; Azo dye
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Comparing aerobic granular sludge and flocculent sequencing batch reactor technologies for textile wastewater treatment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 104, 15 December 2015, Pages 57–63
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us