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The family of furocoumarins: Looking for the best photosensitizer for phototherapy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
27937 44051 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
The family of furocoumarins: Looking for the best photosensitizer for phototherapy
Abstract

Furocoumarins are widely used as photosensitizers in photochemical therapies against different skin disorders such as psoriasis and vitiligo. Absorption of near-UV light by the chromophore triggers a set of photoreactions related to the therapeutic properties of the technique: linkage of a furocoumarin to thymine DNA nucleobases preventing proliferation of pathogenic cells, or generation of highly reactive singlet oxygen in damaged tissues. The family of furocoumarins has been studied in depth for many years seeking a drug having the most remarkable set of properties to act as a photosensitizer. For this purpose, understanding the underlying photochemical mechanisms behind the effectiveness of this therapy is required. We have undertaken a quantum-mechanical study on the photophysics and photochemistry of several relevant furocoumarins: psoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) and 5-methoxypsoralen (5-MOP), 4,5′,8-trimethylpsoralen (TMP), 3-carbethoxypsoralen (3-CPS), and khellin, analyzing the most efficient way in which the lowest excited triplet state, as protagonist of the photosensitizing action, is populated from the initially promoted singlet states. The results point out to khellin, in particular, and 5-MOP, as the most efficient photosensitizers.

Keywords
Phototherapy; Furocoumarins; Triplet state; Intersystem crossing; Spin–orbit coupling
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The family of furocoumarins: Looking for the best photosensitizer for phototherapy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 199, Issue 1, 5 September 2008, Pages 34–41
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us