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Development of kinetic model for biodiesel production using liquid lipase as a biocatalyst, esterification step

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2806 136 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
Development of kinetic model for biodiesel production using liquid lipase as a biocatalyst, esterification step
Abstract

•Esterification of fatty acids is compared if using a liquid and a “dry” lipase.•Difference in the apparent equilibrium constants of the two catalysts is found.•Carrier particles of the “dry” enzyme disperse water in the biodiesel phase.•Water of the free liquid enzyme is less active, which favors the esterification.•Application of liquid enzymes has a potential for biodiesel production.

Biodiesel can be produced from vegetable oils using different catalysts including enzymes. This publication presents the development of a mathematical model for biodiesel production using the liquid lipase Callera Trans L (CTL) and analyzes the first block of reactions: esterification of free fatty acids (FFA) in biodiesel and hydrolysis of the latter. The relevant rate constants were evaluated by changing water, methanol, FFA and enzyme concentrations. The results were compared to the immobilized catalyst Novozym 435 (Nvz). The intriguing difference was observed for the apparent equilibrium constants of CTL (high Keqapp) and Nvz (low Keqapp). This thermodynamic “inconsistency” was explained by absence or presence of the catalyst carrier. Nvz carrier particles apparently help to disperse water, increasing its surface and hydrolytic activity in comparison to CTL. Another reactant, methanol, had a dual effect acting as (i) a substrate and (ii) a solvent of water in oil phase. The latter effect added to hydrolytic activity and decreased Keqapp at increasing methanol (0–0.5 M). Inhibition and inactivation of CTL by methanol (<8% v/v) were insignificant. FFA acted as both substrate and reversible inhibitor of the enzyme suppressing its activity to approximately 25% at FFA >1.5 M.

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Keywords
Esterification; Liquid lipase; Enzyme; Equilibrium; Methanol; BiodieselB, biodiesel; C, CH3OH (methanol); CTL, Callera Trans L; E, the enzyme; EX, the enzyme with conjugated fatty acid; F, free fatty acid (FFA); FAEE, fatty acid ethyl ester; FAME, fatty a
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Development of kinetic model for biodiesel production using liquid lipase as a biocatalyst, esterification step
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 105, Part A, 15 January 2016, Pages 52–61
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us