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Identifying conditions to optimize lactic acid production from food waste co-digested with primary sludge

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2821 136 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Identifying conditions to optimize lactic acid production from food waste co-digested with primary sludge
Abstract

•We optimized the co-digestion of foodwaste and primary sludge to lactic acid.•A lower optimum pH was identified at 5.5.•Max lactic acid concentration was achieved in 1/3 the time of previous experiments.•97% of the theoretical yield was achieved.•We provide the first empirical model of food waste fermentation to lactic acid.

Lactic acid is a platform chemical useful for the production of polymers, oxychemicals, solvents, and for biological nutrient removal in wastewater streams. Food waste offers a renewable feedstock to produce lactic acid, but the co-digestion with sludge has not been suitably studied. In this study, response surface methodology was used to identify the pH, temperature, loading rate, and retention time for co-digestion of foodwaste and primary sludge that optimized lactic acid production. The optimum conditions occur at pH 5.5 and temperature 41 °C. A loading rate of 150 g L−1 volatile solids food waste maximizes lactate yield while 250 g L−1 volatile solids maximizes lactate concentration, resulting in 48 g L−1 and 58 g L−1 lactate respectively. Optical purity and ammonium concentration were evaluated to inform end uses. This research indicates that the co-digestion can achieve 97% of theoretical yield while requiring less pH adjustment and retention time than experiments that did not co-digest with primary sludge.

Keywords
Waste treatment; Bioconversion; Anaerobic processes; Lactic acid; Food waste; Biological nutrient removal
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Identifying conditions to optimize lactic acid production from food waste co-digested with primary sludge
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 105, Part A, 15 January 2016, Pages 205–213
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us