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Bone response to a novel Ti–Ta–Nb–Zr alloy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
283 22 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Bone response to a novel Ti–Ta–Nb–Zr alloy
Abstract

Commercially pure titanium (cp-Ti) is regarded as the state-of-the-art material for bone-anchored dental devices, whereas the mechanically stronger alloy (Ti–6Al–4V), made of titanium, aluminum (Al) and vanadium (V), is regarded as the material of choice for high-load applications. There is a call for the development of new alloys, not only to eliminate the potential toxic effect of Al and V but also to meet the challenges imposed on dental and maxillofacial reconstructive devices, for example. The present work evaluates a novel, dual-stage, acid-etched, Ti–Ta–Nb–Zr alloy implant, consisting of elements that create low toxicity, with the potential to promote osseointegration in vivo. The alloy implants (denoted Ti–Ta–Nb–Zr) were evaluated after 7 days and 28 days in a rat tibia model, with reference to commercially pure titanium grade 4 (denoted Ti). Analyses were performed with respect to removal torque, histomorphometry and gene expression. The Ti–Ta–Nb–Zr showed a significant increase in implant stability over time in contrast to the Ti. Further, the histological and gene expression analyses suggested faster healing around the Ti–Ta–Nb–Zr, as judged by the enhanced remodeling, and mineralization, of the early-formed woven bone and the multiple positive correlations between genes denoting inflammation, bone formation and remodeling. Based on the present experiments, it is concluded that the Ti–Ta–Nb–Zr alloy becomes osseointegrated to at least a similar degree to that of pure titanium implants. This alloy is therefore emerging as a novel implant material for clinical evaluation.

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Keywords
Osseointegration; Removal torque; Gene expression; Titanium alloy; Tantalum (Ta)
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Bone response to a novel Ti–Ta–Nb–Zr alloy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 20, 1 July 2015, Pages 165–175
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us