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Photocatalytic decomposition of 4-chlorophenol over an efficient N-doped TiO2 under sunlight irradiation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
28378 44072 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic decomposition of 4-chlorophenol over an efficient N-doped TiO2 under sunlight irradiation
Abstract

Using a new nitrogen precursor of a mixture of ammonia and hydrazine hydrate, N-doped TiO2 photocatalyst with a high efficiency under visible light was synthesized by a precipitation method. The analysis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) suggested that the doping concentration of nitrogen was 0.45 at%, while it was 0.21 at% or 0.24 at% using single ammonia or hydrazine hydrate as nitrogen precursor. The patterns of the electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) indicated that the paramagnetic species of NO22−, NO and Ti3+ existed as the proposed active species. The ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) spectra revealed that the band-gap of the N-doped TiO2 was 3.12 eV, which was slightly lower than 3.15 eV of pure TiO2. The N-doped TiO2 showed higher efficiency under both ultraviolet (UV) and visible light irradiations. Moreover, the degradation grade of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) using the as-synthesized N-doped TiO2 under sunlight irradiation for 6 h was 82.0%, which was higher than 66.2% of the pure TiO2, 60.1% or 65.2% of the N-doped TiO2 using single ammonia or hydrazine hydrate as precursor. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to investigate the visible light response of the N-doped TiO2. Our study demonstrated that the visible activities vary well with the concentrations of NO22− species incorporated by N–TiO2 series photocatalysts and the higher activity of the as-prepared N-doped TiO2 was attributed to the enhancement of the concentration of NO22− species.

Keywords
TiO2; Nitrogen-doped; Photocatalyst; Visible light
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Photocatalytic decomposition of 4-chlorophenol over an efficient N-doped TiO2 under sunlight irradiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 201, Issue 1, 1 January 2009, Pages 15–22
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us