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Photochemical synthesis of chlorine gas from iron(III) and chloride solution

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
28447 44075 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Photochemical synthesis of chlorine gas from iron(III) and chloride solution
Abstract

A new method to produce chlorine gas is presented in this paper. The photo-production of chlorine involves the illumination of an acidified aqueous solution of iron(III) and chloride by UV at 365 nm. This induces a photochemical reduction of iron(III) to iron(II) and the formation of Cl radicals. The radicals were then rapidly scavenged by the chloride ions to form Cl2− which further dissociated to form molecular chlorine. The effects of pH, the initial iron(III) and chloride concentrations, and the preparation of the iron(III) and chloride solutions on the photo-production of chlorine were studied through experiments and numerical modelling. It was found that a combination of 0.5 M iron(III) and chloride ions at a pH value of 1 provided the optimum condition for chlorine photo-production. The amount of chlorine produced decreased at chloride concentrations greater than 500 mM and at pH values above 1. This is attributed to the drop in the concentration of [Fe(OH)5Cl]2+ which is believed to be the main species for Cl radicals formation as well as the subsequent generation of chlorine gas at different chloride concentrations and pHs.

Keywords
Iron(III); Chloride; Chlorine; UV; Synthesis
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Photochemical synthesis of chlorine gas from iron(III) and chloride solution
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 183, Issues 1–2, 30 September 2006, Pages 126–132
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us