fulltext.study @t Gmail

Effects of anode potentials on bioelectrogenic conversion of xylose and microbial community compositions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2861 137 2015 5 PDF Available
Title
Effects of anode potentials on bioelectrogenic conversion of xylose and microbial community compositions
Abstract

•Effects of anode potentials on current production with mixed culture is studied.•Different anode potentials affect xylose metabolism and microbial communities.•The highest current densities are obtained with the most positive anode potential.•Bacterial species producing current differ at high and low anode potentials.

The results on the effects of different anode potentials on current densities, coulombic efficiencies and microbial communities are contradictory and have not been studied with xylose, an important constituent of lignocellulosic materials. In this study, the effects of different anode potentials (+0.2, 0 and −0.2 V vs. Ag/AgCl) on current generation, xylose degradation and microbial communities were examined with an exoelectrogenic enrichment culture originating from anaerobic sludge. Anode potential of +0.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) resulted in the highest current density and coulombic efficiency of 1.5 ± 0.2 A/m2 and 62 ± 11%, respectively, and there was no accumulation of soluble metabolites. With anode potentials of 0 and −0.2 V the current densities remained low and acetate, butyrate and propionate were detected in the end of batch runs. Different anode potentials resulted in substantial differences in the anodic bacterial species. At more positive anode potentials, Ochrobactrum intermedium reported to be capable of direct electron transfer dominated. At more negative anode potentials, a known mediator-producer, Alcaligenes faecalis, and Desulfitobacterium hafnience, that has been reported to use mediated electron transfer, were detected. This study shows that the anode potential has a substantial effect on microbial communities and on xylose metabolism.

Keywords
Microbial fuel cell; Anode potential; Anaerobic processes; Batch processing; Bioconversion; Biocatalysis
First Page Preview
Effects of anode potentials on bioelectrogenic conversion of xylose and microbial community compositions
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 101, 15 September 2015, Pages 248–252
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us