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Environmental remediation by an integrated microwave/UV illumination technique: IX. Peculiar hydrolytic and co-catalytic effects of platinum on the TiO2 photocatalyzed degradation of the 4-chlorophenol toxin in a microwave radiation field

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
28669 44085 2006 15 PDF Available
Title
Environmental remediation by an integrated microwave/UV illumination technique: IX. Peculiar hydrolytic and co-catalytic effects of platinum on the TiO2 photocatalyzed degradation of the 4-chlorophenol toxin in a microwave radiation field
Abstract

The photocatalyzed degradation of the 4-chlorophenol toxin (4-CP) in aqueous naked TiO2 and platinized TiO2 suspensions simultaneously subjected to UV light and microwave radiation was revisited to examine the fate of this toxin in the microwave-assisted photocatalytic process by monitoring loss of total organic carbon (TOC; mineralization), formation of chloride ions (dechlorination of 4-CP), and identification of intermediates using HPLC and electrospray mass spectral (LC–MSD) techniques. Attempts are made to delineate microwave thermal and nonthermal factors that impinge on the degradation by comparing experimental results from microwave-generated heat versus results from a conventional (externally heated) thermally-assisted process, and from results in which the thermal factors were minimized by examining the degradative process at constant ambient temperature (25 °C). Possible microwave radiation effects on the Pt co-catalyst supported on TiO2 were also probed through comparison of the degradation of 4-CP occurring on Pt/TiO2 and on naked TiO2 photocatalysts. Results suggest that, in a microwave radiation field, naked TiO2 and Pt/TiO2 particle surfaces interact with the microwaves. The degradation pathway exhibited characteristics of hydrolysis of reactants and intermediates. Nonthermal microwave effects play a role in the overall degradative process occurring in platinized TiO2 dispersions. The possible nature of these unusual microwave effects is briefly discussed.

Keywords
Microwave-assisted photocatalysis; Soil contaminants; Microwave thermal effects; Microwave nonthermal effects; Environmental protection; Titanium dioxide; 4-Chlorophenol
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Environmental remediation by an integrated microwave/UV illumination technique: IX. Peculiar hydrolytic and co-catalytic effects of platinum on the TiO2 photocatalyzed degradation of the 4-chlorophenol toxin in a microwave radiation field
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 177, Issues 2–3, 25 January 2006, Pages 129–143
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us