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Pilot scale pretreatment of wheat straw and comparative evaluation of commercial enzyme preparations for biomass saccharification and fermentation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2876 140 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Pilot scale pretreatment of wheat straw and comparative evaluation of commercial enzyme preparations for biomass saccharification and fermentation
Abstract

•Dilute acid pretreatment of wheat straw (WS) at pilot scale (250 kg/day).•Evaluation of three popular commercial enzymes for pretreated WS hydrolysis efficiency and inhibitor tolerance in rolling reactor.•Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) employing in-house thermotolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae.•This study suggests that selecting the right enzyme preparation is an indispensable tool for optimizing the ethanol yield.

Conversion of pretreated lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) into sugars is one of the critical steps for bioethanol production. High LCB hydrolysis could be achieved by employing robust enzymes having high inhibitor tolerance, low irreversible lignin binding, and low end-product inhibition. In this study, acid pretreatment of wheat straw was carried out at pilot scale (250 kg/day) and three commercial cellulase preparations from Advanced Enzyme (AD), Novozyme (CL), and Genencor (AC) were evaluated for inhibitor (lignin, furfural, hydroxyl methyl furfural, vanillin) tolerance. Pretreated wheat straw (PWS) hydrolysis was carried out at different enzyme concentrations (1–30 mg protein/g of PWS) under optimum pH and temperature in rolling bottle reactor. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation was performed employing in-house thermotolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Results indicated that, maximum saccharification (more than 85%) was achieved at low protein loadings (10–15 mg protein/g PWS) of CL and this enzyme was also found to be more robust in presence of inhibitors. Maximum ethanol yield (78%) was found at 20 mg protein/g of PWS using CL. This study suggests that inhibitors have significant detrimental effect on enzymes and better understanding of enzyme-inhibitor correlation with its critical moderation would help in further enhancing the LCB hydrolysis at low enzyme dosage.

Keywords
Pretreatment; Saccharification; Enzyme inhibitors; Lignin; Thermotolerant yeast
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Pilot scale pretreatment of wheat straw and comparative evaluation of commercial enzyme preparations for biomass saccharification and fermentation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 102, 15 October 2015, Pages 54–61
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us