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Effect of microwave radiation on the (Raman) lattice phonons in selected titanium dioxide solid specimens

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
28760 44090 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Effect of microwave radiation on the (Raman) lattice phonons in selected titanium dioxide solid specimens
Abstract

The effects of 2.45-GHz microwave radiation on the Raman-active lattice phonons of two selected (Wako) anatase and rutile specimens and on Degussa P-25 TiO2 nanoparticles were probed by in situ microscopic Raman spectroscopy in the solid phase with samples subjected to microwave irradiation (MW) or in combination with UV illumination (UV/MW). Significant changes were seen in the Raman band intensities for the pure anatase Eg mode at 143 cm−1 and for the rutile vibration at 446 cm−1, whereas only negligible changes in intensity were observed for the 144 cm−1 band of P-25 nanoparticles exposed to MW and UV/MW radiation. It is deduced that microwaves have a negligible impact on the lattice vibrational modes (phonons) of P-25 titania, even though this specimen was thermally heated by the microwaves. The photodegradation of phenol was re-visited to examine the photoactivity of the TiO2 specimens selected for the in situ Raman study, as attested by the number of OH radicals produced (DMPO spin trap ESR) under UV versus UV/MW irradiations, and by the related enhanced dynamics under UV/MW irradiation relative to UV alone or UV/CH.

Graphical abstractThe effects of 2.45-GHz microwaves on Raman-active vibrational modes of anatase, rutile, and P-25 TiO2 nanoparticles were probed by in situ microscopic Raman spectroscopy with samples subjected to microwave irradiation alone (MW) or in combination with UV illumination (UV/MW).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Effects of microwave radiation on Raman-active lattice phonons of anatase, rutile and P-25 TiO2 nanoparticles were probed by in situ microscopic Raman spectroscopy in solid samples subjected to MW and UV/MW irradiation. ► Significant changes were seen in the Raman band intensities for pure anatase Eg mode at 143 cm−1 and for rutile vibration at 446 cm−1. ► Only negligible changes in intensity were observed for 144 cm−1 band of P-25 nanoparticles. ► The photodegradation of phenol was re-visited to examine the photoactivity of the TiO2 specimens selected for the in situ Raman study.

Keywords
TiO2; Microwaves; Lattice vibrations; In situ Raman spectroscopy; Lattice phonons; Microwave-induced phenol photodegradation
First Page Preview
Effect of microwave radiation on the (Raman) lattice phonons in selected titanium dioxide solid specimens
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 220, Issues 2–3, 20 May 2011, Pages 94–101
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering