Triplet level-dependent photoluminescence and photoconduction properties of π-conjugated polymer thin films doped by iridium complexes
Triplet energy level-dependent decay pathways of excitons populated on iridium (Ir) complexes within π-conjugated polymeric matrices were studied by means of photoluminescence (PL) and photoconduction action spectroscopy. We chose a set of matrices, poly(9-vinylcarbazole) (PVK), poly[9,9-bis(2-ethylhexyl)fluorene-2,7-diyl] (PF2/6), poly [2-(5′-cyano-5′-methyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene] (CNPPP), and poly [2-(5′-cyano-5′-methyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene-co-pridine] (CNPPP-py10 and CNPPP-Py20), having triplet energy levels ranging from 2.2 up to 3.0 eV. As Ir-complex dopants, we selected three phosphorescent emitters, iridium(III)bis(2-(2′-benzothienyl) pyridinato-N-acetylacetonate) (Ir(btp)2acac), iridium(III)fac-tris(2-phenylpyridine) (Ir(ppy)3), and iridium(III)bis[(4,6-fluorophenyl)-pyridinato-N,C2′]picolinate (FIrpic), having triplet energy levels of 2.1, 2.5, and 2.7 eV, respectively. It was found that the triplet emission from the dopants, being populated via energy transfer from the matrices, was strongly dependent on the matching of triplet energy levels between matrix polymers and Ir-complexes. Photocurrent action spectra confirm effective exciton confinement at the dopants sites in the case of PVK matrix systems.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 200, Issues 2–3, 15 December 2008, Pages 371–376