Photochemical behaviour of triclosan in aqueous solutions: Kinetic and analytical studies
The mechanism of the direct photolysis of the anti-microbial triclosan in aqueous solutions was investigated by using steady state and laser flash photolysis. Quantum yields were determined for the disappearance of triclosan and formation of chloride anions in steady state irradiations in the absence and in the presence of oxygen as well as a function of pH. The photoreactivity was found to be efficient with the anionic form and in the absence of oxygen. Following laser flash photolysis (226 nm), three transients were found (triclosan triplet state, solvated electron and phenoxyl radical). Several primary and secondary stable photoproducts were elucidated by means of LC/MS/MS data. They were found to arise from four main photochemical processes: isomerisation, cyclization (leading to the formation of dioxin derivatives), dimerisation of the phenolic moiety and hydrolysis. The ionic chromatography showed that the loss of chloride anion in triclosan phototransformation represents an important degradation pathway. The formation of oligomeric products was also observed for prolonged irradiation time. A detailed mechanism for the formation of the primary products is proposed and discussed. The very important photocyclization reaction is more likely involving the triplet state pathway and the homolytic dissociation of the ether bridge occurs from the singlet excited state pathway.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - Volume 191, Issues 2–3, 25 September 2007, Pages 201–208