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Skin tumor development after UV irradiation and photodynamic therapy is unaffected by short-term pretreatment with 5-fluorouracil, imiquimod and calcipotriol. An experimental hairless mouse study ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29383 44380 2016 6 PDF Available
Title
Skin tumor development after UV irradiation and photodynamic therapy is unaffected by short-term pretreatment with 5-fluorouracil, imiquimod and calcipotriol. An experimental hairless mouse study ☆
Abstract

•Pretreatment with antineoplastic and pro-differentiating agents may enhance PDT response.•Three applications of calcipotriol, 5FU and imiquimod creams were applied before MAL-PDT.•MAL-PDT significantly delayed UV-induced skin tumor onset in hairless mice.•Tumor development was not further delayed by pretreatment compared to PDT alone.•Long-term topical pharmacological pretreatment may hold potential to enhance PDT.

BackgroundPhotodynamic therapy (PDT) delays ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) in hairless mice. Efficacy may be enhanced by combining PDT with antineoplastic or pro-differentiating agents. We investigated if pretreatment with 5-fluorouracil (5FU), imiquimod (IMIQ) or calcipotriol (CAL) before PDT further delays tumor onset.MethodsHairless mice (n = 224) were exposed 3 times weekly to 3 standard erythema doses (SED) of UV radiation. Methyl-aminolevulinate (MAL)-PDT sessions were given on days 45 and 90 before SCC development. Three applications of topical 5FU, IMIQ or CAL were given before each PDT session. Fluorescence photography quantified protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) formation.ResultsPDT delayed UV-induced SCC development by 59 days (212 days UV-MAL-PDT vs. 153 days UV-control, P < 0.001). Pretreatment with 5FU, IMIQ or CAL before PDT did not further delay SCC onset compared to PDT alone (207 days UV-5FU-MAL-PDT, 215 days UV-IMIQ-MAL-PDT, 206 days UV-CAL-MAL-PDT vs. 212 days UV-MAL-PDT, P = ns). PpIX fluorescence intensified by 5FU-pretreatment (median 21,392 au UV-5FU-MAL-PDT, P = 0.011), decreased after IMIQ-pretreatment (12,452 au UV-IMIQ-MAL-PDT, P < 0.001), and was unaffected by CAL-pretreatment (19,567 au UV-CAL-MAL-PDT, P = ns) compared to MAL alone (18,083 au UV-MAL-PDT).ConclusionsShort-term three-day pretreatment with 5FU, IMIQ and CAL before PDT does not further delay tumor onset in UV-exposed hairless mice.

Keywords
Antineoplastic drugs; Hairless mice; Pretreatment; Photodynamic therapy; Protoporphyrin IX
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Skin tumor development after UV irradiation and photodynamic therapy is unaffected by short-term pretreatment with 5-fluorouracil, imiquimod and calcipotriol. An experimental hairless mouse study ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 154, January 2016, Pages 34–39
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us