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Functional-segregated coumarin-containing telodendrimer nanocarriers for efficient delivery of SN-38 for colon cancer treatment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
294 23 2015 14 PDF Available
Title
Functional-segregated coumarin-containing telodendrimer nanocarriers for efficient delivery of SN-38 for colon cancer treatment
Abstract

Four coumarin-containing telodendrimers (denoted as P-I, P-II, P-III and P-IV) were designed and synthesized to self-assemble into the corresponding nanoparticles. Of those, two nanoparticles (P-II and P-IV micelles) were screened and selected for targeted drug delivery of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxy camptothecin (SN-38), a prominent and efficacious anticancer agent, for the treatment of colon cancers. The nanoparticle encapsulation significantly increased the solubility of SN-38 in aqueous solution. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) showed the size of these SN-38 nanoparticles to be around 50 nm, and rod-shaped micelles were observed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). These two novel nanoformulations of SN-38/P-II and SN-38/P-IV were found to exhibit similar in vitro cytotoxic activity against colon cancer cells as the free drug (SN-38 in DMSO) and were 500-fold more potent than irinotecan (a prodrug of SN-38). In addition, near infrared fluorescent (NIRF) optical imaging was utilized to monitor the tumor targeted delivery of SN-38/NPs via co-loading a NIRF dye. It was demonstrated that these NPs preferentially accumulated in tumors when compared to healthy tissue. A pharmacokinetics study showed that SN-38 micelle formulations had a longer circulating time in blood than irinotecan. Furthermore, SN-38 loaded nanoformulations exhibit superior anti-tumor efficacy when compared with irinotecan at equivalent SN-38 dose in HT-29 human colon cancer xenograft models.

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Keywords
Micelles; Irinotecan; SN-38; Drug delivery; Nanomedicine
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Functional-segregated coumarin-containing telodendrimer nanocarriers for efficient delivery of SN-38 for colon cancer treatment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 21, 15 July 2015, Pages 85–98
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us